1. Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences 2. Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 3. Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Sugar sweetened beverages (ssbs) are any type of sugar-added drinks like soft drink, syrup, etc. ssbs consumption has increased over the last decades. as type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2dm) patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular events we designed a study to evaluate the association between ssbs intake and metabolic syndrome in this population.
T2dm adults participated in a cross-sectional study. ssbs intake was extracted from a validated food frequency questionnaire and a 24-h food recall. metabolic syndrome (mets) (including abnormal fbs, triglyceride, hdl-c, blood pressure, and obesity) was measured according to international diabetes federation criteria. subjects were divided into two groups: <1 serving/week and ≥1 serving/week.
Mean ssbs intake was 145.6 ml/d. about half of participants consumed at least one serving of ssbs per week. higher ssbs intake was associated with hypertension (or=2.55, 95% ci: 1.14-5.71) and obesity (or=4.32, 95% ci: 1.26-14.87). energy intake and macronutrients were similar in both sub groups. after adjustment for confounding factors, metabolic syndrome was associated with drinking ssbs ≥1 serving/week (or= 3.49, 95% ci: 1.22-9.93) compared to those consumed <1 serving/week.
Higher ssbs intake was associated with higher odds of mets, obesity and hypertension. reducing ssbs intake could be simply advised to these patients to reduce metabolic abnormalities.